Wednesday, 30 December 2020

The Government of Jamaica Communication Policy needs update, but perhaps not overhaul

 The Government of Jamaica Communication Policy needs update, but perhaps not overhaul

With thanks to authors Forrest and Reckord for the article “Enterprise Computing: Digital Governance” published December 30, 2020 in the Jamaica Observer. The article is one of a series that will be published for the benefit of executives and governors of enterprises in general and importantly also apply to public sector enterprises which collectively are known as ministries, departments and agencies MDAs.

From the points raised in the article, I have created a short note to observe how the existing 2015 GoJ Communication policy should be updated urgently in order to be coherent with the GoJ ICT policies. The points raised show that the communication policy seems to have the right mix of core elements, but rapid developments in ICT compel an urgent updating.

Data governance, the article noted, includes but is not limited to four specific areas. Set out below are those areas and where they intersect with an element in the GoJ Communication Policy.

·         Data security, privacy and regulatory compliance; Element 7 – Internet and Electronic Communication Usage

·         System and data integration between new and legacy platforms; Element 8 – Communication Management and Coordination

·         Data sharing and collaboration between employees and business partners; Element 9 – Role of Ministers as Conveyors or Government Information

·         Brand exposure risks; Element 10 – Building Capacity for Communication Policy Implementation and also Element 15: GoJ Advertising Marketing and Sponsorship.

Unfortunate developments at MDAs in 2019 and 2020 demonstrate that this is a section that is ignored by accounting and accountable officers.

The article also gave a short and helpful list of seven items for which an enterprise needs to develop policies. I will highlight where these items are mentioned in the GoJ Comms Policy with a view to showcasing the need to have it updated and effort to have them included in business plans and implemented by the portfolio ministry. This is not only with regards to developments in ICT over the past five years, but the also the burgeoning use of ICT as the result of the COVID-19 pandemic that started in 2020.

·         Accessibility – Element 1 Accessible, Understandable, Identifiable GoJ information. Advertising – Element 15 which has been noted before

·         Data privacy – Element 18 Records management / Cataloguing and Securing Information

·         Domain names – Refers to the ministry with responsibility for ICT

·         Logo and trademark usage – Element 2 Corporate Identity and Standards

·         Security (electronic and physical) Element 7 Internet and Electronic Communication Usage with reference to the GoJ ICT policy

·         Social media and website terms of use. Appendix 5

In this era where misinformation is having a daily impact on what poets call “the fabric of society” (cultural norms with regards to security, health, education, commerce, governance, daily behaviour) these policies are crucial and should be updated if a society believes that it should be a going concern.

References are set out below:

“Enterprise Computing: Digital Governance” published December 30, 2020 in the Jamaica Observer.

GoJ ICT policies:

GoJ Communication Policy


Saturday, 14 November 2020

Keep Your Personal Copy

(Notes, not an article)

Keep Your Personal Copy

I do believe that humans should have the comfort of shaping their habitations and not be beholden to the objects and styles of humans who came before. It may be beneficial to explore the purpose of what came before for a range of reasons including aesthetics, environmental, livelihoods, and to support faith practices and nationalism. Plenty reasons for old buildings to exist, to rebuild a garden, to preserve a statue.

We are in an era of social reckoning and statues are at the front line. Here in Jamaica, in the past five years, I have seen five new publicly funded statues in Kingston erected: four to Olympic athletes and one to a theatre practitioner. It is quite amazing to me how two Greek cultural practices have came together so naturally here in this island far away from the Aegean Sea, Olympics and theatre.

This note is about how one man's careful, but not very important letter, is speaking up for him 200 years later. The subject of this is a letter written by Irish born, British national hero, Horatio Nelson, to one of the leading influencers in Jamaica at that time, Simon Taylor whose name has been erased from the physical landscape of Jamaica, but make no doubt if his legacy is very strong in our culture; it is. 

I begin the notes:

1784 – 1787 Horatio Nelson was stationed in the Caribbean and was quickly detested by WI planters because, unlike pervious officers to the posting, he enforced the trade blockade with the newly independent USA.

After this commission, for five years, he was out of work on half pay, he thought that this was bad mind as the powerful planters would have complained to politicians about him. 

I have erased a few paragraphs from here as I do not want this to be notes on the man, Nelson, but point now to his letter of June 1805 to Simon Taylor asking him to look out for a good position for a clerical friend who had lost his job. The drop of gold in this letter for enslaver Taylor, is that Nelson spared a sentence to be critical of the character of practicing Christian and leading abolitionist William Wilberforce who had long moved away from the dissolute lifestyle of his early manhood. Nelson, as was his custom, kept a pressed copy (which is like a carbon copy) of this letter in his personal files. Nelson dies during battle in October of that year. 


After Nelson’s death, Taylor sent the letter, or perhaps a copy of the letter, to anti-abolitionists as evidence that their national hero was critical of Wilberforce. In 1807, a forged copy of the letter appeared in a political newspaper playing up Nelson as an anti-abolitionist as a way to rally support for that cause. The forgery was publicised after 213 years, in 2020.


As a class, the WI planters did not like Nelson, so I am not sure what political turn of events caused the statue of Nelson to be erected in Bridgetown Barbados in 1815. 

Fast forward to 2020, public awareness of systemic racism arising from the killing of George Floyd in the USA pushed the Barbados government to unearth a 1998 constitutional review commission and act on the recommendation to relocate Nelson’s statue to a less prominent position, as he was a leading agent of colonialism. The reparations movement did not waste the high public energy decrying race relations in the USA go to waste, on November 17, 2020, that statue will be relocated.

My view

For many, these symbols are offensive and influential members of the public will determine the aesthetics of the spaces that they occupy. Tear them down if you feel like it. For those who have the stomach for it, set out as complete and as factual a back story as possible.

Jamaica, as far as I know, has no statues of Nelson but at least two chunks of prime real estate in the capital are named in recognition of his professional exploits. One area is Trafalgar Park and its main road is Lord Nelson way that joins Trafalgar Rd (Nelson died at the Battle of Trafalgar off the coast of Spain); Waterloo Road (named for the Battle of Waterloo in Belgium where Napoleon Buonaparte was defeated by joint European forces under the command of a British officer whose famous name is not necessary for this note). Trafalgar Park of course has Hamilton Drive named in recognition of Nelson's long term mistress. Chancery Hall has Lord Nelson Drive, Horatio Drive and of course Hamilton Drive. There is no road named in honour of Nelson’s long suffering wife, Caribbean born Frances Woolward.

Jamaican culture has a liking for power culture. A lot of our settlements and urban quarters are named in recognition of military leaders or places that have become synonymous with human bloodshed or civil strife.

The point of this is, keep a copy of important correspondence, you never know when it can come to your defence.

A fictional account of a real love story that I did about the period when Nelson was stationed in the Caribbean

Monday, 9 November 2020

Ti-Jean Who? On watching a performance of Walcott's Ti-Jean and His Brothers

I am cheating here. I watched a performance of this play and did not read it.

This is a celebrated play from the Caribbean and it has all the flourishes of what I think can be called a play done in the classical Western European tradition. There are live musicians, singing and dancing, there are other worldly costumes, there is a Grecian style chorus, humans interact with animal and spiritual elements, there is poetry, there is humour, there are tears and scary bits, the characters speak in a variety of English accents but, there are no males acting as females.

I am spitefully adding that point as the performance that I watched as billed as the production of the Antigua Girls High School Drama Ensemble - Honey Bee Theatre, but the principal male characters are real boys, the girls were not given a chance! Then again, in a calmer moment I reason that it is perhaps it is a drama troupe that is sponsored by the school. Compliments to the performers and direction.

Many other sites will explore the reasons why this play is properly regarded as a literary gem, those were not my thoughts.

As a quick recap, a poor widow fearfully releases her sons, one by one, to the world to seek fortune and take themselves and family out of rural poverty, but first, they have to overcome the white faced devil. The book is layered with the West Indian experience of colonialism as experienced by peoples of African descent. Yes, the Caribbean is peopled with other races, but the spirits employed in the play are from African Caribbean mythology.

The matter that struck me most about this play is that it does not name, does not give show respect - to the spirit of the star character because, as I see it, Ti-Jean is Walcott's Ananse.

Where his stronger and more learned brothers failed, Ti-Jean succeeded because of his intelligence, his smarts, his befriending of woodland creatures and his analysis of the dangers and opportunities around him to survive and thrive. 

In popular modern West Indian culture, Ananse has been relegated, like a once useful floor mop, to the dustbin. He has not come into modern times as a hero in a cape because he cannot. He is the weak, ragged, unremarkable in physique, character, but here, Walcott has elevated him to be the person who found a path out of a deprivation and death. Walcott writes life-giving qualities into the character of the quick witted, tricky, weak bodied character of Ti-Jean who left the web of his home and won where his talented brothers failed. Where the other brothers were boorish or serious and had a sense of self importance, T-Jean has humour and does not take himself seriously, even as he anxiously works through life threatening situations.

I actually think that Walcott had no intention to elevate Ananse, he did not integrate any obvious aspect of this character in his story, but ha! there he is, speaking and acting in the form of the young hero, Ti-Jean. 

This is another Caribbean story of a young person creating new opportunities for himself under great obstacles, never losing a sense of fun, enjoying music and the environment and reverencing his loving mother and his God.

Again, a mother raising boys on her own and the family fails. (This is not me, this is Walcott). I have said it before that the Caribbean, especially Jamaican, novels talk about family life. 

I am exploring a new thought; Caribbean music and poetry describe what is happening in society, Caribbean books are showing us new ways of improving and developing our society.

I have read a fair amount of Walcott and I do not think any of his great poems rise to anything more than an expression of what he has experienced or feels or has felt, his tender memories, his pitying for times gone by, opportunities missed, " with the leisure of a leaf falling in the forest, pale yellow spinning against green". In this play, through Ananse, he shows us opportunity.

This is not a footnote, but a closing. I really enjoyed the Honey Bee Theatre Performance, the young actors delivered in an enchanting way and Ti-Jean gave smiles. Loved the additional use of twinkling lights, it added to the enchantment of the location. The actress who performed Bolom was my favourite. I hope to read play one day.


Saturday, 7 November 2020

Calling all Moko Jumbies


Nalo Hopkinson wonderfully delivered a dystopian world but left the door to hope open and in plain view of how to get through it.

Almost every Eastern Caribbean moko jumbie and some Haitian deities had a role in this fantasy that was also a family story with tensions between spouses and lovers, offspring and parents and also sits neatly into a Canada that is probably somewhat recognisable, but quite different. That is the job of fantasy, to take us somewhere far but the story still feels familiar.

The book rises to the place of literary fiction for me because of Hopkinson's technique and deftness with use of the language. We discover the motivations and personalities of the characters over the scope of the book not immediately. Her writing adeptly stays with the language of the main characters and it is separate from that of the English speaking storyteller. 

We get a sense of a real community living in a futuristic Toronto, a community standing on its own resources. It has a history and also immanent concerns.

In addition to the role of spirits, which are all frightening in appearance and behaviour, the book meaningfully pulled in Caribbean ring games, folk songs and other cultural aural references.

The family side of the story has made me put this book firmly on the shelf about Jamaican books that address issues around the experiences of mothers and their parental output. Going by what our novel writers are putting out, this is a matter that calls for reckoning.

I would also add that this is a book that features leading female characters, the hero is a young woman and the central characters who support her are older women and then young girls. Even outside of their Canadian Caribbean world, the Canadian leaders are women.

A book for lovers of creepy, fantasy that pushes you to re-read passages so that you can enter and access that world. If you have knowledge of Caribbean culture, you will have a head start.

Which will make me add that the author used the name Ti-Jeanne for the central character, a name that has appeared in the masculine form in at least one other leading Caribbean literary work and also in Haitian Vodou.  

I listened to this as an audio book from It was a dramatic reading which was well suited to this work as it contained lyrics from songs and stanzas from poetry. I hope that the author was happy with the work of narrator Peter Jay Fernandez. I thought that he delivered a very wonderful reading. he read the dialect with understanding and adeptly handled the supernatural action in the book.

Monday, 26 October 2020

Learn to crochet and dance before you learn to code

 Learn to crochet and dance before you learn to code

(Not an absurd argument) 

The world needs more people who can create opportunities and solve problems by writing code that will enable computers to do work. If you can think logically and do a little math, you are well placed to be writing basic code.

Jamaica does not have a culture of science but we have a culture of entertainment, which could be put into the service of mathematics and science. I think two traditional activities could help us in this way, maypole dancing and crotchet.

The point of maypole dancing is to create a weave of coloured ribbons around a post and the process to get there are precise dance steps going clockwise and anti-clockwise around moving dancers, and then to do exactly the reverse to undo the weave.

This dance delivers several valuable teaching lessons, among them are coordinated teamwork, respect for memory and respect for process. If the dance creator wanted to end up with a different pattern, the dancers would have to memorize a new set of steps or know when a particular series of steps changes to a different pattern.

The same would apply for other weaving skills such as basket making, macrame, knitting, crotchet and even marine knots. If you have the experience of making these items or mastering these skills, I submit that you can have an orientation towards doing coding for a computer.

Sound can be expressed in the language of mathematics, especially algebra, and the study of music has helped to reveal some mathematical principles.

Coding is not about repeating patterns like a maypole dance or following a crochet pattern to make a doily centrepiece, it is about following precise instructions to create solutions using a computer. That said, I urge us not to discount these folk skills around children, because they also awake and sustain a creative awareness that can be applied to the job of coding. Imagine if your coder was thinking movement and music and visual beauty while typing away at characters to build a code.

So, this is the time to think about putting maypole dancing in the school curriculum and encourage following handcrafts with patterns or playing a musical instrument. These can be done while being physically distant, which make them also good COVID-19 era activities.


Sunday, 25 October 2020

Bye Bye MTC - 43BC

I took a break from the news and listened to an audiobook that was written nearly 200 years ago about a major public figure from 2,000 years ago. It is about a politician who had been openly hostile to Julius Caesar’s imperialist ambitions, but who had to tone down after Caesar took over the country. After Caesar’s assassination, the politician championed, through writings, a return to republican principles and ran a smear campaign against the new top strongman, Mark Anthony. Despite the effort, within three years the republic was finished and in its place was the colonialist, imperialist, Roman Empire.

Cicero by W Lucas Collins.


Cicero by W Lucas Collins was a good book to read during this intense lead-up to the 2020 USA Presidential elections. I had already read two books providing insight into the Trump presidency and every now and then catch up on Brexit, the tension between India and China; Taiwan and China, and global responses to the impact of COVID-19. I have also been brought into awareness of the separate interests of persons who affiliate themselves with the ADOS and FBA movements (American Descendants of Slavery and Foundational Black Americans) versus the general POC grouping, Person of Colour, which includes dark skinned people from the Caribbean like myself.


The book has helped me to pull away from current affairs for awhile and return with a longer range viewpoint.


I have not overlooked that Marcus Tullius Cicero started his professional life as an advocate in about 90BC, and that Collins was an academic and Anglican clergyman who started his professional life in 1840.


The appeal of this work is that Cicero’s writing gives us a look into the mind of a leading political actor during a tumultuous time in human history and Collins was able to explain, summarise and put the historical text into context for an era closer to my own. Cicero wrote about 2,310 years ago, and this book was published 180 years ago.


Cicero is worthy of reading as not only does he add to earlier ideas of personal duty and role of the state, but he was a wordsmith who excelled in rhetoric. Collins repeats that English translations do not carry the beauty of the poetry and literary prose of the languages Cicero used, which is Greek and Latin; I have to accept, take note and move on.


During Cicero's time it was, according to Collins, the culture of Romans that their primary fidelity was to the state, then to their families, friends and other associations. Cicero himself wrote that every stage of life has its duty. Collins quotes from Treatise on Moral Duties, which was written with Cicero’s son in mind, "As justice consists in no abstract theory, but in upholding society among men, --- as "greatness of soul itself, if it be isolated from the duties of social life, is but a kind of uncouth churlishness" --- so it is each citizen's duty to leave his philosophic seclusion of a cloister, and take his place in public life, if the times demand it..."

The book notes that the political culture of Ancient Rome was influenced by an earlier Greek culture, but in significant ways, departed from it. Collins notes of Cicero, “What he loved in the Greeks, then, was rather the grandeur of their literature and the charm of their social qualities… he had no respect whatever for their national character.” Views are that Cicero appropriated statuary as furniture and was not a true lover of art. These glimpses into Cicero’s character is entirely racist and still too common throughout cultures; societies like the music and dance and food of one set of people, but not the company of the people; this bigotry has passed into our own time.    


On the matter of democracy and the concept of one citizen, one vote, Cicero lived through dramatic changes. His rural grandfather did not support the view that all citizens should have a ballot for all offices in the annual elections, and denounced it as yet another corrupting Greek idea. Cicero has written that he agrees with the one citizen one vote concept, but not to have the vote cast privately. He says that secrecy, "enables men to open their faces, and to cover up their thoughts; it gives them licence to promise whatever they are asked, and at the same time to do whatever they please." In those times, there seems to have been a system where votes may have been tied to an elite, which to me, has cast a long shadow to the current Electoral College of the USA. I could also add, the political parties that we see today tie our votes to them. A few years after Cicero died, voting for the leader of the state was abolished and the danger that he worked his life to prevent became real, the Roman Republic became the Roman Empire.

My major takeaway from the book is how Collins describes how legacies are judged. More than 800 writings by Cicero himself have come down to the present time. These include publications and speeches and his official and private letters. He presented himself to different people in different ways and his personal thoughts on a range of ideas were freely put to paper to his confidantes.


Collins says: "If we know too much of Cicero to judge him merely by his public life, as we are obligated to do with so many heroes of history, we also know far too little of those stormy times in which he lived, to pronounce too strongly upon his behavior in such difficult circumstances....His character was full of conflicting elements, like the times in which he lived, and was necessarily in a great degree moulded by them.


   "The egotism which shows itself so plainly alike in his public speeches and in his private writings, more than once made him personals enemies, and brought him into trouble, though it was combined with great kindness of heart and consideration for others."

Then there is this sentence from the mind of Collins that would be condemned today.

"There is one comprehensive quality which may be said to have been wanting in his nature, which clouded his many excellences, led him continually into false positions, and even in his delightful letters excites in the reader, from time to time, an impatient feeling of contempt. He wanted manliness." LoL, I wish Collins were here so that I could ask him what that means, but I believe he means that Cicero could be indecisive where perhaps a clear, firm statement and actions were needed.


At age 37, Cicero achieved the top public office as Consul, which was like a shared one-year presidency of the Roman Republic and then he went on to serve in other areas. At age 62 he was called back as a political schemer in the leadership struggle for Rome between Consul Mark Anthony age 39, and the grandnephew and heir of Julius Caesar, Octavius age 19. Cicero denounced the character of Mark Antony across 14 scathing articles now known as The Philippics. The propaganda so enraged Mark Anthony that he ordered Cicero’s death, but the damage had been done, and Mark Anthony lost the support of his generals and sought refuge with his babymother, the Queen Cleopatra who well knew the political value of a Roman General in her bed chamber. For clarity, Cleopatra had been the mistress of Julius Caesar from 46BC and was in Rome when Caesar was killed in 44BC. She and Mark Anthony were a couple from 41BC to 30 BC when they both died as the result of ongoing military belligerency with Octavius. Three years later, he was Emperor.


My other interest in this book is that Collins also looked at the thoughts of Cicero and religion and presented his handpicked references of this pre-Christian era to Christian thought. He quotes a Stoic poet who is said to have been quoted by St Paul who was previously Saul of Tarsus, an educated Roman citizen. Collins also spoke about another poet Persius who speaks about self-surrender, fidelity to duty, sacrifice for others, which are hallmarks of the Christian faith and apparently also how Romans felt about their marvellous republic. Collins seems to suggest that Christian salvation, when aligned with Roman state culture of duty, sacrifice, and absorption of other cultures, promoted Christianity into a widely dispersed movement, even though the religion was not legalized in Rome until 313.


Cicero was a pagan, but Christianity gives him a pass because his writings show that he was searching for the best way to live a human life, and he died in 43BC before salvation through Jesus was available to all.


This is a book for anyone who has a general interest in the archaic and in public affairs.

I was able to appreciate this book thanks to the Gutenberg project.

Monday, 19 October 2020

Young Heroes of the Caribbean - Young parents try to do the best for the son who they love

 Young Heroes of the Caribbean

I am grateful to nation builders who understood that history is an important source of inspiration. My 2014 novel, Young Heroes of the Caribbean, was inspired by the seven National Heroes of Jamaica. I imagined each of the heroes as a child or a youth who had already formed a sense of purpose, and integrity in their characters.

In my book, I amplified the story of each hero alongside that of a contemporary Jamaican family, with young parents trying to do the best for the son who they love.

I am sharing that book as a download here:

Thursday, 17 September 2020

Intergenerational Strength

Recently, I have been doing research about dog pedigrees and also bloodlines of horses for my general interest, I am not and will not be getting into breeding animals. Being immersed in this has perhaps turned my mind to the current Parliamentarians, so forgive me if this information struck me.

These connections can be lessons in leadership and how to build intergenerational strength. Remember that old time religion told us more than one time that acts of parents can affect up to the fourth generation, both to help and also to hurt. I have no difficulty with the connections set out below, let them be a lesson to all who read them of the impact of habits and associations.

So here are a few of my observations about Parliamentarians in Jamaica sworn in Tuesday, September 15, 2020. I wish them the greatest success in advancing the welfare of Jamaica and the whole human race.

President of the Senate Hon Tom Tavares Finson, nephew of former minister of Housing Hon DC Tavares Jr MP who was on the team that wrote the 1962 constitution of Jamaica. His father, DC Tavares Snr was a real estate businessman who co founded Tavares & Finson.

Senator Senator Sherene Golding Campbell is the granddaughter of former Speaker of the House Tacius Golding MP, and his wife, the founding Principal of Old Harbour High School Mrs Enid Golding nee Bent. Senator Golding Campbell is the daughter of former Prime Minister Bruce Golding and daughter of businesswoman and creator of the ubiquitous Jamaican cheese bread Mrs Lorna Golding nee Charles. Senator Golding Campbell is a niece of former Speaker of the House Pearnel Charles Snr MP and cousin to Dr Michelle Charles MP and the Hon Pearnel Charles Jr MP.

Hon Pearnel Charles MP and Dr Michelle Charles MP are children of the immediate past Speaker of the House Pearnel Charles MP.

Senator Charles Sinclair Jr is a former Mayor of Mo Bay and also son of the fomer Mayor of Mo Bay Charles Sinclair Snr.

Mr Mark Golding MP is the son of lauded medical pioneer Sir John Golding.

Mr Julian Jay Robinson MP, is the son of jurist in the International Court of Justice, Patrick Robinson. He is also the nephew of former Member of Parliament Helen Robinson who famously declared that she was not going be associated with criminals saying, "me nah hug up no gunman".

Min of State in Finance Atty-at-Law Marsha Smith MP, is the daughter of former MP and Atty-at-Law Ernie Smith.

Hon Daryl Vaz MP, son of Mr Douglas Vaz MP and fashion designer Soni Vaz

Mrs Ann-Marie Vaz wife of Daryl Vaz

Dr the Hon Peter Phillips MP, is a son of former Principal of Moneague College Aubrey Phillips CD and author of the book 'Adolescence in Jamaica" nd there is an annual lecture in his name. Dr Phillips is also a nephew of former Chief Justice of Jamaica Sir Rowland Phillips.

Mr Mikael Phillips MP, is a son of Dr Peter Phillips MP and pioneering Rastafarian ital restaurateur Sister Minnie Phillips.

Senator the Hon Kamina Johnson Smith daughter of historian, writer and Ambassador HE Anthony Johnson.

Dr the Hon Nigel Clarke MP, son of the former Supreme Court Justice Neville Clarke and nephew of former Minister of Government and leading cocoa agro-producer Claude Clarke MP. Dr the Hon Nigel Clarke's maternal grandfather Harold Percival Gibson was an executive in the Jamaica Agricultural 
Society and the Citrus Growers Association.

Mr James Roberton, son of esteemed maritime pioneer Mr Ismael Robertson CD.

Most Hon Andrew Holness, protégé of Most Hon Edward Seaga

Mrs Juliet Holness, wife of Andrew Holness

Hon Olivia Grange, protégé of the Most Hon Edward Seaga

Hon Desmond McKenzie, protégé of Most Hon Edward Seaga

Not The End

Success to All

Monday, 31 August 2020

Vibration from Palampalam - A Young Man Makes Life In Jamaica

The beauty of an allegorical story is that it is open to interpretation, you fill in the blanks or undo the mysticism in the search of the underlying point of the story and on the way, make other discoveries.

Vibration from Palampalam A Novel by Dorrell Wilcott published by Arawak publications in 2012, leaves me with the impression that although this book is not an allegory, the author is deliberately misleading the reader by skipping over and around situations that should be important to the story and yet expending description and commentary on seemingly lesser matters. The reader is left wondering about the reason for the deliberate gaps and the mystery behind what was paid careful attention  

The modest 142 pages is an action packed story of the life arc of the protagonist Dalphus Congonza. It starts with his parents' stories and ends with a look at the adult start-up of his progeny.  This completeness of a life story suggests that it is a memoir, but a memoir that does not trust the reader, so while it is not the story of an airbrushed hero, the material feels redacted and so, incomplete.

The foreword by Patrick Bryan is helpful in explaining the protagonist when he says, "First, his ambition is to throw off the scars and the negative features of that childhood, and to succeed in spite of them. Second, and in contraction, some of the values that he disdains and which contributed to the disfunctionality of his family became a part of his own value system."

    "The novel is not preoccupied with race and colour. However, they both have an enormous inflience in shaping the lives of people and contributing to the dysfunction within the Dalphus' family," Bryan says.

Dalphus grew up with minimal education in Palampalam which was supposed to be a frightfully haunted woodland within the rural community of Service. He is the only child in a family where there was no love among its three members. Even though Dalphus caused hurt to his mother early on, it was his childish reaction to her obvious scorn of him. Wilcott says of the mother, "who had seen everything that she disliked about her husband in that little boy." 

The natural environment of rural Jamaica is integrated into the book from beginning to end. Dalphus' father cleared dense woodland and built the family home; as an adult, Dalphus shaped a rocky hilltop overlooking the community of Service, for his own large and splendid house. Woodland was also where his closest friend died. Dalphus made his living from farming the rocky, land, but he did it successfully and managed to pass down the interest in farming to one of his sons.

Relationships between the character and the women in his life are complicated; his mother, lover, wife, mother-in-law, and elder daughter. He knows that he is not excelling in these relationships, but he displays incompetence in how to improve them, and relies on his friend Gus to play the role of conciliator and way-maker.

When he was just about out of his teens, he lived for a few years in Cuba and was able to work hard, take use of opportunities that came his way and save money. He is awkward with women but finds ways to incorporate them in his life. At a bar, Primela admires him and "he declined, almost becoming flustered", then "he looked at her again. The chemistry or whatever they used to call it mixed furiously."  He, quite easily, leaves Primela for Emma, which was a financial arrangement, "Dalphus had hitched a fee simple in Emma's financial empire."

Later back in Service as a married man, his mother-in-law is banned from his home for her destructive slander, and his eldest daughter, the apple of his eye, disappoints when she marries against his wishes.

Dalphus' relationships with men seem steady and true and valuable, aside from Bandy-Leg who tried to take sexual advantage of him as a naive teenager. Gustavius became a lifelong confidante, and wise counsellor for both himself and his wife, the beautiful, educated and unworldly Odagled who defied her family to marry him. 

As a businessman, Dalphus understands and is not held down by society's prejudices that were against him for reasons of his colour and lack of education. He worked around the established religious institution, the police force, financial institutions and even his sometimes coveteous neighbours at Rico's Bar. He rises above those challenging situations and masters them. He also, somehow, becomes reconciled with his father, but did not with this mother. 

Here we arrive at the rock bottom of all of the story of Dalphus: the lack of a loving relationship with his mother, Tantal, which left him stone dead to anticipating and nurturing sensitivity in family and intimate relationships. By the end of the book, however, he is grateful to have actually shared loving moments with his wife and to have experienced love with his children. His children, however, were not a united family, each  one deciding to be set against the ways of the others. Dalphus did nothing to heal the rifts between the siblings, and was a participant by making it obvious that Daphnie was his "chosen one".

Wilcott's choice of what he paid great attention to writing about, was diverse. He set out the matters around the death of Gus in excruciating detail, yet the three marriages in the book were glossed over, or became commentaries on society in general. 

Dalphus witnessed physical violence in his home, as his father beat his mother, and we later learn that his father also regularly beat his longtime lover. These beatings were not described in the book, yet Wilcott did described how his father met retribution, the wounds that he suffered and his long convalescence.   

The writer paid reverence to the very existence of Marcus Garvey who influenced Dalphus' father's philosophy and actions, but he does not go beyond this reverence to actually show the teachings in action, perhaps almost ignoring them. Wilcott also lets us know that Dalphus is distressed that descendants of Africans who were enslaved in the Americas had not built on the successes and sacrifices of the Haitian revolution.

It is a theory of mine that stories of relationships with the protagonist and his or her mother defines many contemporary books by Jamaicans. This book fits into that category. In these stories, the actions of the mother greatly influence the success or failure of the protagonist. Applying this scrutiny to Tantal, the mother of Dalphus, she was ascribed only one action within her true control, her choice of husband Ciezo Congoza. Everything else about Tantal is ascribed to the society in which she lived. Tantal existed as a light-skinned Jamaican who was raised by a snobbish light-skinned Jamaican woman but yet Tantal chose to marry a dark skinned follower of the black liberation teachings of Marcus Garvey. Ciezo Congoza, beat his wife if he felt threatened by her words and also, and separately, neglected her for the more stimulating company of his lover in the town of Service. 

Dalphus was the victim of his mother's frustration about her husband and she transferred her prejudices to him, nurturing attitudes that would influence him to behave that he was better than, and different from the other children in Service. It also gave him resilience when facing prejudices against him and allowed him to simply walk over them towards his personal goals.

Many more ideas are not fully set out in the story leaving them open to interpret the true weight that they have on the protagonist, or not. Given the openness of this, readers will find it interesting to meander with Dalphus through his life in a Jamaica of once upon a time, but perhaps, still here with us.


For more discussion on mothers in books by Jamaicans, visit this link to another page on my blog


Tuesday, 25 August 2020

 Published in The Jamaica Observer literary magazine "Bookends" in August 2018

Down The Rabbit Hole We Go

     “Alice is about a girl being her own hero,” the 16 year-old said on the journey between May Pen and Kingston. We were having a literary discussion which included the original novel, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and my memory threw up the memoir, The Wonderful Adventures of Mrs Seacole in Many Lands.

Both books are about an unaccompanied female going through challenging situations; both have the words "Wonder" and "Adventure" and “Land” in the title, and the books were published eight years apart. Seacole’s memoir was published in 1857, eight years before the novel in 1865. Could Carroll have been influenced by Jamaica's Mary Seacole when he created Alice? I did a split screen to compare the two books, and found similar scenes and themes.

Alice voluntarily goes down a rabbit hole without regard for personal safety, following her thirst for adventure and in pursuit of the White Rabbit, a rabbit is the lure in greyhound racing and also hounding. Mary Seacole left Jamaica, following her lure, money, which was forever elusive to her, but more important to her was her thirst for adventure and the thrill of testing her will against a world where the deck was stacked against success for a single Black woman.

Alice encountered systemic prejudice against her in Wonderland, then one by one she wins over the characters to become allies: the White Rabbit, kept mistaking her for his servant MARY-Ann, the caterpillar who spoke to her contemptuously, the duchess who was dismissive on their first meeting and the Hatter, March Hare and Dormouse at the tea party. Seacole wrote about racial and gender prejudice, whether against her or other persons, and how she got around it. Alice's encounters in Wonderland are mostly with male characters, notable exceptions being the duchess and the queen; akin to Seacole, whose adventures happen in the company of men.

Alice cries a sea of tears and swims in it with several animal characters: Seacole made journeys across the Caribbean Sea the Atlantic Ocean through Asia Minor to the Black Sea, pleased to interact with persons of different nationalities and ethnicities and accepting good and bad fortune as they came.

Alice carelessly drinks and eats mysterious substances that result in spectacular body changes: Seacole was renown for her preparations that healed victims of deadly diseases. Alice is illustrated wearing a pinafore, but had not been doing work when her adventure started. Could this be a reference to Seacole’s work as doctress and restaurateur, which required her to wear an apron every day?

Seacole extended herself too much to be successful in business, but always turned her situation around through hard work, friendships and alliances. Alice acquires nothing in Wonderland except experiences with memorable characters, none of whom advance her mission of getting home: pompous birds, haughty caterpillar, queer Cheshire Cat.

Alice's encounter with the duchess and the lunatic tea party fringe, I think, are allegories for the Crimean War which eventually brought Seacole into international prominence. The duchess is unfriendly to Alice, and thrusts her baby on her and sits in a kitchen where her cook is overusing black pepper. Perhaps this represents Florence Nightingale who respectfully received Seacole, but who is focused on giving care. Black pepper in the kitchen could be gunpowder and general munitions. Seacole becomes a hostess in the Crimea: Alice becomes a hostess at the tea party, a confusing affair which I suggest represents the chaos and confusion of war.

The trial of the knave in Carroll's book who was accused of the crime of stealing the queen's tarts is Seacole's return to society as a pauper from the Crimea. Tarts made with black pepper are special to the queen. Could these special black pepper tarts be a connection to the West Indies, the sweet source of British wealth built by Black labour?

After her memoir was published, Seacole’s care for British soldiers during the Crimean war was celebrated by citizens and royalty: In the final chapter of the novel, Alice grows taller than everyone else in the courtroom, including the queen and the king. She is tremendous, but they are revealed to be nothing more substantial than a deck of playing cards and then fallen leaves.

In my view, there is more than a passing similarity between the date of the publishing of the memoir and the first Alice book. The place of the family of ten-year old Alice Lidell in Carroll’s affections is secure, but which other single, unconnected, non-courtesan, proper, and determined woman could have influenced the creation of the fictional Alice, but Mary Seacole?

Do consider these things before you give the thumb down, "Off with her head!"


Thursday, 20 August 2020

Four Novels of Summer - Jamaica

The themes of my four novels of Summer 2020 were again YA and adult novels by Caribbean authors that are set in the Caribbean. The selections were through the Jamaica Library Service and I enjoyed them all in different ways. My secret to enjoying a book is to read with perception so that you can be more aware of the writer's style of storytelling, and the core reason for telling the story at all.

If I were to recommend any or all of these books, it is that they tell stories of good over evil, self forgiveness and the huge potential of the human spirit to guide lives in big and small ways. 

This cluster were all authored by women: three Jamaicans and one writer from Antigua and Barbuda. All settings are, I believe, between the 1990s to the present and the books were published between 2013 and 2019, making them very recent publications. All four books are set in the major urban centres: Jamaica's capital Kingston, Jamaica's major tourism city Montego Bay and the capital of Antigua and Barbuda, St John.

These are the books:

 Musical Youth (2013) by Joanne Hillhouse 

A shy, insecure, young teen develops her confidence and builds true friendships through a youth musical programme with youngsters her age. Through preparations for the final production, she unearths her own family story and has to confront all that it presents. The story integrates the music of the islands and also global pop music in the world of the young people.  

Lest We Find Gold (2019) by Melanie Schwapp  

A woman suffers disappointment in her marriage, but this is directly related to what she learned about man and woman affairs as a child.

I have placed this on my domestic violence and Jamaican mothers shelves because of the ongoing themes that are presented in the books that I read.

This book is firmly set in Jacks Hill and Mona, St Andrew Jamaica, with nostalgic touches on deep rural Jamaica, it also has delicious episodes of food preparation with local ingredients.

Based on the forward and afterward notes, this book connected very closely to the personal life of the author.

Inner City Girl: Other Rivers To Cross (2018) by Colleen Smith Dennis

This is the ongoing story of a young woman who has now completed secondary school and has ambitions to start university. Despite having overcome disadvantages of being born and raised in a deep urban area to a struggling single mother. Through fickle fate, she has tumbled back down the social ladder from where she escaped.

The author plunges the story back in a rough environment of poverty and shows us the pitfalls and the meagre opportunities that must be seized upon as any hope to advance in life.\

The bonds of fast friends, both old and new, and flimsy family more interested in maintaining social standing than family love and care.

The role of the older woman and the reformed man are carefully explored and Kingston city from the waterfront to the hills is the stage.

Tangled Chords (2014) by Brenda Barrett

An energetic episode in the lives of two young people from Montego Bay whose lives have been intertwined since childhood friendship and now, they realise that it has matured to adult love.

The complex nature of power dynamics within families, which extends to domestic employees and also wealthy cliques are explored.

Barrett pays homage to the music of Bob Marley in the hero's band and his mental resilience.

Over time, I have found themes that are very popular to Jamaican, and perhaps Caribbean writers, and these books fit into what I have come to expect and easily find in the set-up of the novel.

The primary theme, by my reading, is the role of the mother. In three of these books, the books start with the mothers having already died, and we are told their flaws as humans and in the role of mother, especially in the area of setting a good example for their daughters. Yes, the protagonists are all young women.

The books use the independent sexual choices of the mothers - not as victims of sexual crimes - as a launch to demonstrate the negative impact of these decisions on the women and their families. So who picks up the slack left by these mothers? Of those three books, it is rural family members or the family domestic staff. 

In the one book where there is a good mother, she is hands-off in child rearing, being more excited and focused on her professional achievements and ensuring that she has a good relationship with her husband and a marriage based on mutual respect and love.

Turning to the father figures: in three of these books, the fathers were prevented by the mothers from being a part of their children's early lives, which definitely had a negative effect on the entire home. 

The Bad Mother is now a common trope for Jamaican literature, which makes me wonder what it says about the society talking to itself through writers. I do wonder how the subject matter in novels is very different from the popular music that we hear, but I have rationalised this down to the gatekeeping. Many of these novelists are self published and self promoted, while the music is produced through a commercial process which is predefined by attributes, the popular ones being: Songs to the long suffering mother, songs for sexy women, songs for gyallis, songs for gangsters, love songs for Jamaica, and songs of divine adoration.  The stories being told by our writers are somewhat different.



Thursday, 30 July 2020

Component of a Knowledge Society

Security is the primary reason why we live in communities. I do not wish to discuss security, but to present the idea that for security to be assured, communication needs to happen within the group so that everyone who has a role can be prepared to do it.

In the public sector, this translates to effective communication between agencies and also between the state and its publics. During emergencies and national events this communication is more visible, but it happens every day. At a strategic level, this communication would be led by specialised government bodies guiding policies and actions for the subject areas for which they command.


For clarity, this is what I am saying: for legal matters, the opinion of the Office of the Attorney General is sought; for environmental matters, the National Planning and Environment Agency has to put in a word; for citizenship issues, the Passport, Immigration and Citizenship Agency along with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade lay out the facts and provide a way forward.


The public sector cannot be an equivalent to the private sector as each ministry is an essential operation that strengthens the whole under direction of Cabinet and also under the oversight of Parliamentary Commissions.


Notwithstanding the excellent quality of products that are currently delivered by the public sector communications agency, the agency does not provide executive level services for its subject area of public sector communication. If such support were to be tabulated, it would begin with the actual implantation of the existing 2015 GoJ Communication Policy and development of a strategic plan that will usher components of the policy, where relevant, as is done in other subject areas.


Specialist MDAs are supposed to provide whole of government executive support for major projects from the concept development stage, use networks to build alliances, provide expertise for the evaluation of bids, provide monitoring and quality assurance during project development and implementation and also participate in the evaluation and billing. Perfection is often not achieved, but that is the role of specialist institutions in major

projects. In addition to specialist bodies, government also relies on cross functional teams drawn from its MDAs to provide some oversight of executive level activities.


Communication practitioners in MDAS have a full slate of scheduled and seasonal work that is dedicated to the corporate plan of their entity, so undertaking major projects will require outside contractors whose work should be under adequate oversight by professionals with the required experience and skills. Many times, for large projects, these skills do not reside – in fullness – within these diverse bodies. To say it another way, in the field of communications, individual public sector MDAS does not generally have the specialist skills required to carry out large and complex projects, this is really not required for the regular functioning of the bod.

Aside from this, the public sector itself does not have a cadre of executive C Suite level practitioners to assist MDAs to develop, select and monitor major communication projects that are beyond the scope of the established scheduled activities.


Conceivably, the government executive agency for communication can shear away the more mundane activities and instead focus on high level substances that require analysis, deeper research, multi-sector collaboration and corporate governance, talent recruitment, development and protection.

The cost of communication tools has dramatically been reduced to the point where even low income persons can deliver a polished product from software that they got free or at a low cost. Training to undertake communication projects are available in Jamaica and or through certification on the Internet or through practice.


The NWA shed itself of construction and moved into quality assurance and implementation, In Agriculture, government plantations, factories and farms are no more; in Transportation, the national airline is extinct.


There are cost savings that can be made to enable the public sector communications agency to deliver higher level services to the government:

  • Accelerate the automaton for booking, distribution and billing processes for stock items;
  • Eliminate content platforms that do not locomote towards the national development goals;
  • Eliminate production of physical materials
  • Reassign records and archives to the Institute of Jamaica or Jamaica Archives and Records as appropriate
  • Outsource content production to agile creative houses and state-of-the-art suppliers.

These savings can create a high performance unit of professionals whose experience and knowledge would make them the equivalent of Queens Councils, Major Generals, Professors, Licensed Public Accountants, Commissioners and Surgeons that are found at the apex of other disciplines.  


If Jamaica is to be a knowledge society then the public sector has to exploit the value to be gained from the deployment, utilization and retention of knowledge professionals.